The Land Court In Matakaoa

By Gail H. Dallimore

A Thesis submitted in Partial Fulfilment of The Requirements
For The Degree of Master of Arts in Social Anthropology

University of Auckland,


This thesis explores the interaction between Maori and Pakeha in the cross-cultural translation of the concept of land.

It focuses on the title investigations of ownership of land by the Maori Land Court on one part of the country - the Matakaoa district of the East Coast (Te Tai Rawhiti). The Land Court investigation of Matakaoa land was however, a culmination of the negotiative process that had occurred between local Maori people and the European settlers (which included the Government) for fifty years.

My account begins with the first exchanges between Maori and Pakeha in the Matakaoa district and proceeds to the last of the major Land Court investigations of title to Matakaoa land.

The Maori view of this negotiative process is in focus.


List of Maps
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: A General Setting For Matakaoa Land Negotiation
Chapter 3: The Matakaoa Experience 1769-1875
Chapter 4: The Land Investigations Of Title To Matakaoa Land 1875-1909
Chapter 5: A Discussion


Map  Page
The East Coast - Te Tai Rawhiti  31
Matakaoa and DistrictMap not available101-103


'Na taku rourou, na tou rourou, ka ora ai te manuhiri' (My small basket and your small basket will feed the visitors)

- Together we shall overcome all difficulties

In the preparation of this work I have received much valuable guidance and assistance. In particular, I would like to mention the old people whose trials and triumphs have emerged from the Land Court Minute Books; the staffs of the Auckland Institute and Museum Library, Auckland University Library and Gisborne Museum and Art Gallery; the staff of the Maori Studies and Social Anthropology department at Auckland University; and friends firstly at Matakaoa - Bob and Vivienne McConnell, Len and Pani Tihore, Murray and Sheridan Palmer, Kingi and Rose Houkamau, Mrs Kohere, and the pupils of Te Araroa district high school, who have taken me under their wing; and secondly in Auckland - Jane McRae, Anne Salmond, Whare Kerr, Merimeri Penfold, Takarangi King, Barbara White, and Margaret Mutu-Grigg who have constantly provided the encouragement and inspiration to finish this work. My thanks also to two supportive typists - Angela Restall and Liz McRae. Last, but most importantly I owe a debt of gratitude to my family - Mother, Father, and daughter Toshi.

Kia ora koutou katoa


Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington   ATL
Appendices to the Journals of the House of Representatives   AJHR
Auckland Institute Museum and Library   AIL
Auckland Public Library   APL
Auckland University   AU
British Parliamentary Papers   B.P.P.
Canterbury University   CU
Gisborne Museum and Arts Gallery   GMA
Manuscript   MS
Minute Books   M.B.
New Zealand Journal of History   N.Z.J.H.
Old Land Claims File (National Archives)   O.L.C.
Victoria University   VU

1983 Gail H. Dallimore

[ First Chapter - Chapter 1 ] [ Back to Contents and Introduction ] [ Complete Thesis ]